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Some suggestions for investing

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Corporate News
2020/02/03 20:28
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[Abstract]:
First,furtherrelaxinvestmentrestrictionsonnon-state-ownedeconomies,especiallyindividualandprivateeconomies,andlowerthebarrierstoentry.Accordingtothe"TenthFive-YearPlan"andthe"SeveralOpinionsonPromotin

  First, further relax investment restrictions on non-state-owned economies, especially individual and private economies, and lower the barriers to entry. According to the "Tenth Five-Year Plan" and the "Several Opinions on Promoting and Guiding Private Investment" of the State Planning Commission, the current investment access policy should be effectively cleaned up. When clearly encouraging, permitting, restricting, and prohibiting policies, national treatment and equity The principle of competition, breaking the boundaries of ownership, monopolies in the sector and regional blockades. Wherever foreign investment and the state-owned economy are allowed to enter, enterprises of any other economic type should be allowed to enter (except where the state has special regulations), and the shareholding ratio should not be artificially restricted. The state should encourage and support private enterprises to participate in state-owned economic reforms and strategic adjustments through various forms, such as acquisitions, mergers, controlling shares, and transferring management rights. State-owned capital is generally not allowed to hold shares in restructuring enterprises. Second, accelerate the reform of the investment system and broaden the channels for private investment. Reform pre-approval measures, simplify approval procedures and procedures, and strengthen industrial guidance for private investment. According to the different industry characteristics of infrastructure, basic industries, traditional manufacturing, high-tech industries, and modern service industries, adopt a variety of project organization forms and investment and financing forms that conform to market economic practices, such as public bidding, franchising, and intellectual property rights. And industrial investment funds, etc., to encourage and guide private capital into these areas. No matter what kind of entry method is adopted, it is necessary to ensure free contract and open and equal competition between various investment entities, and to form an investment risk liability mechanism corresponding to benefits and risks. Third, increase the guidance and support of fiscal and tax policies for private investment. Funds in the budget (including the issuance of necessary national debt) should continue to support private investment and invest in private capital-based projects in the form of equity participation or compensation; for infrastructure, basic industries and public welfare undertakings, a fee compensation mechanism or financial subsidy is required. Attract private investment; technological discounts and discounts should be treated equally by non-state-owned enterprises. Clean up unfair tax burdens and implement a structured tax reduction policy. For non-governmental investment projects encouraged by the state, the same preferential policies as state-owned investment and foreign investment shall be implemented in terms of tax deductions, reductions, and cost amortization of investments. Individual and private enterprises should avoid double taxation. The necessary tax reduction and exemption support shall be given to small and medium-sized enterprises at the start-up stage. At the same time, the "three chaos" should be strictly controlled to relieve the unreasonable burden on private enterprises. Fourth, vigorously develop a multi-level financial system that meets the needs of private investment. Accelerate the opening-up of the financial industry to the inside, and actively develop non-state-owned local banks and small and medium-sized financial institutions. Improve the credit guarantee system for SMEs, and generally establish special loan guarantee funds. Consider setting up a policy-oriented financial institution for small and medium-sized enterprises to provide them with preferential government loans and discount loans. State-owned commercial banks should give full play to their internal SME credit department functions, establish corresponding risk prevention systems, and encourage small and medium-sized financial institutions to expand financing activities through appropriate decentralization of lending authority, increased funding support, and expansion of interest rate fluctuations. In terms of direct financing, eligible small and medium-sized enterprises, especially private high-tech enterprises, should be issued to issue bonds, stocks and go public, establish a second-board stock market in a timely manner, and clear the entry and exit channels for private capital. Fifth, establish an investment service system to help private investors improve their management and decision-making skills. Local governments should incorporate the promotion and guidance of private investment into local economic and social development plans, formulate implementation measures, and improve work efficiency. Consider setting up corresponding investment service agencies (especially, self-regulatory industry organizations should be encouraged to play investment service functions), publishing industry investment information to private investors, providing policy and regulatory consulting, and technical services. At the same time, on the basis of standardizing and rectifying economic authentication intermediary agencies, we will give full play to the functions of intermediary service agencies and provide private investors with legal, financial and accounting, market information, corporate diagnosis, and investment consulting services.

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